Citing a source within your paper
When you use an author’s direct words to support your thesis (which is always a good thing to do), you must give the author credit.
If you do not give the author credit you are plagiarizing, which is never a good thing.
Use the information provided in this PowerPoint to properly cite your sources and avoid plagiarizing.
When you are writing an analytical essay:
- You need to use the author’s exact words to support your ideas.
- It is important to cite your sources that you don’t get charged with plagiarism.
- You need to make a clear distinction between your words and at the author’s words.
“Direct quotes from the text, either from a novel or a website, go in quotation marks” (Author page#).
“Once you have used an author’s name, and no other author has been mentioned, you only need to put the page number after the quote” (Page#).
Whenever you use in authors exact words you need to put the exact words in quotation marks.
This shows your reader that you are using someone else’s words.
When you quote a naughty those words you need to tell the reader where the words came from; to do this you put the author’s last name and page number in parentheses after the quote.
The second time that you quote from the same author and no author has been mentioned in between.
You only need to list the page number where you found the quote.
If you mention the author’s name before you start the quote, “then you only need to put the page number after the quote” (page#).
The period goes outside of the quotation marks, it comes after the parenthesis.
If you have a bridge that connects directly to your quote, you must put a comma before you start the direct quote.
If you mention the author’s name before you start the quote either in the same sentence or in the same paragraph then you do not need to list the last name in your citation.
The period comes after your citation. It does not go inside of the quotation marks.
Also note it is okay to combine your words in the author’s words in the same sentence. You just need to separate them with a comma.
Creating Your Bibliography
You must have a bibliography that tells your reader exactly where your information comes from.
The sources listed in your bibliography should match the sources used in your paper.
At the end of your paper on its own page you need to have a bibliography.
The bibliography will tell your reader how to find each of your sources.
It is important that the information in your bibliography match the sources used in your paper.
A book by a single author –
Author’s last name, author’s first name.
Title of the book. Place of publication:
Publisher, Year of publication. Print.
MLA bibliography example
Golding, William. Lord of the Flies. New York City Perigee: 1954. Print.
When you are citing a source, by a single author, like Lord of the Flies then you should follow the formula listed on the side.
Use the example of Lord of the Flies to help you.
That the second line third line and so on are indented.
You only need to indent if your citation goes to a second line.
A website –
Author/Editor’s last name, first name. Title of the Work. Title of website. Version or edition used. Publisher or sponsor (N.p.), Date of publication (n.d.). Web. Date of access.
Your bibliography should be alphabetized by author’s last name. If there is no author then it should be alphabetized by the title of the work.
At the top of your page, in the center, you need to title your bibliography, Bibliography.
Follow the formula on this slide to properly cite a web resource.
Please make note that if you cannot find the publisher of the website then you need to mark a capital n period lowercase P period.
If you cannot find the date of publication then you need to mark lowercase n period lowercase D period.
In the center of the top of your page you should label your bibliography.